Tar Heels

North Carolina’s Tar Heel nickname may have as an origin one of the state’s products in pre-revolutionary days, tar made from turpentine. North Carolina is still home to vast stretches of hardy pine forest.

The state’s official web site traces the nickname’s source to the Civil War when retreating soldiers left a column of North Carolinians to battle the enemy. The North Carolinian troops bid farewell to their fleeing comrades with the admonishment that next time “we’ll put tar on your heels to make you stick”. Gen. Robert E. Lee reportedly retorted “God bless them Tar Heel boys.”

Covington GA

City of Covington Ga Zip codes: 30209, 30267 Population in 1990: 10,000 dwellings: 4000 Land area: 12 sq miles County seat of Newton County, North Central Georgia, 35 miles East South East of Atlanta

Orginally incorporated 1822, as a city in 1854 and as a County Seat in 1882. Once part of the Creek Indian Nation, Covington was founded in 1822 and named in honor of General Leonard Covington, an American Revolutionary soldier. Early economics based on cotton with mill in Porterdale on the Yellow River.

Covington Ga was involved in the Civil War when on the evening of July 20, 1864, Union forces under Brigadier General Kenner Garrard was ordered to burn bridges over the Yellow and Alcovy Rivers by General Sherman, and to destroy the railroad. This cut trade and communication between Augusta and Atlanta. This was part of Sherman’s infamous “March to the Sea.”

The town square in Covington Ga was a frequent movie backdrop for the TV show “In the Heat of the Night” and “The Dukes of Hazard” was filmed nearby. The square is surrounded by antebellum and Victorian-era homes, churches, parks, and the Downtown Square.

In early history the Creek Indians roamed the land as the first English settlers landed on the coast of Georgia in 1733. In 1813 Georgia Governor Thorp negotiated a treaty whereby the Creek Indians relinquished all claim to the land.. Named in honor of Sergeant John Newton, a Revolutionary Soldier, Newton County was formed by the Georgia General Assembly on December 24, 1821. First called Newtonborough, Covington was renamed for General Leonard Covington of the American Revolution, the Indian War and the War of 1812.

Cahokia Mounds

Indian mounds near St. Louis Missouri include the Cahokia Mounds in Cahokia Illinois. ┬áSt. Louis used to be referred to as ‘Mound City’ because of the earthen mounds that dotted the city. But, except for Sugarloaf Mound, they are all gone. Sugarloaf Mound was bought in 2009 by the Osage Nation and will be preserved.

Cahokia is on the other side of the Mississippi River, and preserved in Illinois’ Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. The largest mound at the Cahokia site is Monks Mound, around 100 feet tall at its peak and between 235 and 290 meters across. The Cahokia civilization probably peaked around 1200 AD, 900 years ago, just prior to the last global cooling cycle. The size of the settlements in the Cahokia area would not be surpassed by an American city for 500 years, with a population the reached more than 40,000 people. New York City reached that size in 1800.

Excavations in the Cahokia complex of more than 100 mounds include evidence of human sacrifice including layers of 20 year old women and men buried alive. Also evidence has been found of copper smelting and forging. Artifacts thought to be related to the Cahokia culture have been discovered as far north as St. Paul, Minnesota, also on the Mississippi River.

Largest snake mound in the world